Losing your teeth as a child was a rite of passage, achieved by perhaps constant wiggling, or biting into your favourite foods, or simply pulled out by your parent or dentist. However, as an adult, tooth loss is never a cause for celebration, yet at times it is a necessary course of action.
When a tooth is severely damaged due to decay, trauma, or gum disease, the tooth needs to be extracted. If there is an abscess, and the tooth is too damaged to be repaired, the only option is to pull it out to cure the infection.
Sometimes dentist suggests the extraction of certain teeth to correct a crowded smile. Normally this is done if the patient is getting ready for orthodontic treatment. There are also cases where the mouth is too crowded and it’s preventing a tooth from erupting or breaking through the gum, then your dentist may recommend pulling a tooth out to make room for the un-erupted tooth to break through.
If a tooth decay or damage extends to the pulp (the centre of the tooth where it contains nerves and blood vessels), bacteria in the mouth can enter the pulp causing infection. Often times this can be corrected by performing an RCT (Root Canal Therapy). However, if the infection is too severe for the antibiotics and RCT to cure it, then an extraction may be required to prevent the infection from spreading.
Patients whose immune system is compromised (whether it’d be due to chemotherapy or an organ transplant); and has a tooth with a risk of infection; the dentist may suggest to extract it as a preventative measure.
Teeth that have been loosened due to periodontal disease, may also need to be extracted. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissues and bones, which results in bone loss around the supporting area of the tooth.